UXO Victims

National UXO Victims and Accidents Survey

In 2008, the National Regulatory Authority, supported by the National Rehabilitation Center of the Ministry of Public Health, carried out the field work for a survey of UXO casualties and accidents throughout Lao PDR.

Full results of the survey as well as more information on UXO victims and survivors may be found on the National Regulatory Authority website http://www.nra.gov.la/index.html

UXO Victims and Survivors (UXO Lao data)

Around 12,000 UXO-related accidents occurred since 1973. Data gathered by UXO Lao in areas where it operates in from 1999 to present, show 934 casualties, divided into 655 injuries and 279 deaths. Data indicates more than 50% of the victims are children and more than 81% are male. Bombies are the most common cause of accidents. Please note that UXO Lao only receives reports of UXO accidents in areas it operates in. Actual UXO accidents nationwide may be more than this.

A study in 2006 conducted by UNICEF on UXO Risk Education Needs Assessment shows that there is a high level of awareness and understanding among both adults and children and the risks associated with coming into contact with UXO. Nevertheless, despite these known risks, many people, on an almost daily basis, continue to interact with live or potentially live ordnance. These interactions can be categorized as voluntary and deliberate (e.g. moving UXO from agricultural land or scrap metal collection) or involuntary and unintentional (e.g. sub-surface UXO while farming.) The assessment demonstrated that decisions on behavior towards UXO are made within a complex and interlocking milieu of social, economic, political, and cultural factors.

 

Places where accidents usually occur:

1. Village centers (32%)
2. Upland rice fields (18%)
3. Lowland rice fields (13%)
4. Near forests (12%)
5. Paths and roads (7%)

 

Usual activities causing UXO-related accidents:

1. Handling of UXO (24%)
2. Farming (22%)
3. Forest products collection (14%)
4. Lighting fire/cooking and other domestic activities (12%)
5. Playing with UXO (11%)
 
         Here is summary report of UXO accident from 1 January 1996 to 30 September 2015
(Note: This data was reported by UXO Lao provincial Coordinator, but may not show all UXO accidents that occurred in Lao PDR during the reporting period)
 

Provinces

Number of Accident

Number of Victims

Number of Injury

Number of Death

Child

Adult

Child

Adult

Injury

Death

Total

Girl

Boy

Woman

Man

Girl

Boy

Woman

Man

Luangprabang

56

92

40

134

17

47

10

18

3

24

3

10

Huaphanh

65

92

26

118

12

31

8

41

4

7

1

14

Xiengkhouang

295

356

131

487

46

156

25

129

11

53

9

57

Khammouane

74

93

60

153

8

53

7

25

1

22

2

35

Savannakhet

176

208

90

298

16

82

12

95

4

46

3

36

Salavan

62

76

36

112

8

28

13

27

2

16

1

17

Sekong

25

28

23

51

9

8

1

10

3

8

1

11

Champasak

62

94

49

143

8

43

13

30

4

17

2

26

Attapeu

72

67

54

121

8

16

10

33

-

18

4

32

Total

887

1,106

509

1,617

132

464

99

408

32

211

26

238

 

UXO accident survivors are treated in hospitals. They are rehabilitated at rehabilitation centers. Such centers are supported by Cooperative Orthotic and Prosthetic Enterprise (COPE).

For more details on UXO accidents, please visit the website of National Regulatory Authority: http://www.nra.gov.la/index.html

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kr9JB-8-W4k

UXO LAO, P.O. Box 345, Vientiane , Lao PDR
Tel: (+856-21) 418125-6, Fax: (+856-21) 418124 E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Website: http://www.uxolao.gov.la or http://www.uxolao.org